What is SSL (the "little padlock")?

SSL ("Secured Socket Layer") is a protocol used to encrypt the communication between the user's browser and the web server. When SSL is active, a "little padlock" appears on the user's browser, usually in the status line at the bottom (at the top for Mac / Safari users.)

This assures the user that sensitive data (such as credit card numbers) can not be viewed by anyone "sniffing" the network connection (which is an increasing risk as more people use wireless networking).

Common web site owner questions about SSL:

How do I get the little padlock on my site?

To get the little padlock, your site must have an SSL Certificate from a Certificate Authority. Once an SSL Certificate has been purchased and installed, it provides three things:

  1. The ability to show a page in "Secure Mode", which encrypts the traffic between the browser and the server, as indicated by the "little padlock" on the user's browser.
  2. A guarantee by the issuing Certificate Authority that the domain name the certificate was issued for is indeed owned by the specific company or individual named in the certificate (visible if the user clicks on the little padlock).
  3. An assurance that the domain name the certificate was issued for is the domain name the user's browser is now on.

Once obtained, the certificate must be installed on the web server by your web host. Since your web host also has to generate an initial cypher key to obtain the certificate, very often they will offer to handle the process of obtaining the certificate for you.

My web host has a "shared certificate" that I can use. Should I?

It's still fairly common for small sites to use a shared certificate from the host. In this circumstance, when a page needs to be shown in secured mode, the user is actually sent to a domain owned by the web host, and then back to the originating domain afterwards.

A few years ago, when SSL Certificates were quite expensive (around $ 400 per year), this was real attractive for new sites just getting their feet wet in e-commerce. Today, with a number of perfectly functional SSL certificates available for under $ 100 (exclusive of installation, etc.), it is a lot less attractive. Since your user can look at the address line of his or her web browser and see that the site asking for the credit card number is not the site he or she thought they were on, the cost savings is probably not worth the risk of scaring off A sale.

What's the difference between the expensive SSL Certificates and the inexpensive ones?

Usually, mostly price. Some expensive certificates have specific functions, such as securing a number of different subdomains simultaneously (a "wildcard" certificate), but the effective differences between basic single site certificates are very slight, despite the wide range of prices:

The encryption mechanism used by all of them is the same, and most use the same key length (which is an indicator of the strength of the encryption) common to most browsers (128 bit).

Some of them ("chained root" certificates) are slightly more of a pain for your web host to install than others ("single root" certificates), but this is pretty much invisible to the site owner.

The amount of actual checking on the ownership of the domain varies wildly among sellers, with some (usually the more expensive) wanting significant documentation (like a D & B number), and others handling it with an automated phone call ("press # 123 if you 'Ve just ordered a certificate ").

Some of them offer massive monetary guarantees as to their security (we'll pay you oodles of dollars if someone cracks this code), but since it's all the same encryption mechanism, if someone comes up with a crack, all e-commerce sites will Be scrambling, and the odds of that vendor actually having enough cash to pay all of its customers their oodel is probably slim.

The fact is that you are buying the certificate to insure the safety of the user's data, and to make the user confident that his or her data is secure. For the vast majority of users, simply having the little padlock show up is all they are looking for. There are exceptions (I have a client in the bank software business, and they feel that their customers (bank officers) are looking for a specific premier name on the SSL certificate, so are happy to continue using the expensive one), but most e -commerce customers do not pick their sellers based on who issued their SSL Certificates.

My advice is to buy the cheaper one.

I have an SSL certificate – why should not I serve all my pages in "Secured" mode?

Because SSL has an overhead – more data is sent with a page that is encrypted than a page that is not. This translates to your site appearing to run slower, particularly for users who are on dial-up or other slow connections. Since this also increases the total amount of data transferred by your site, if your web host charges by transfer volume (or has an overage fee, as most do), this can increase the size of your monthly hosting bill.

The server should go into secure mode when asking a user for financial or other sensitive data (which may well be "name, address and phone number", with today's risk of identity theft), and operate in normal mode otherwise.

Wallrock Thermal Liners for a Building's Energy Efficiency

The Wallrock thermal liners have been used for the past few years but had remained an undisclosed breakthrough to the world. These wall coverings are manufactured with the aim to offer multiple benefits to their users. On top of the features' list is an energy-efficient thermal insulation to your buildings. In addition to this, these coverings give a stylish look to your existing rough plaster or textured wall surface by converting it to a smooth and plain surface. A few other features include soundproofing, damp fixation, and mold resistance.

Wallrock thermal liners carry the following benefits (but are not limited to these only);

  • A fast room cooling or warming with minimum energy consumption
  • A good fire rating
  • Free of any undesirable plastics like PVC / fiberglass
  • Hide the rough surfaces
  • Return a smooth and plain surface, ready for paint or other wallpapers
  • Induce an essence of breathing to your walls
  • Overcome the molds and dumps

The technology was originally developed for the automotive and space industry. To offer you the best of all the above-mentioned features, we have added more value to the existing technology by using our research and experience. A detailed explanation of working mechanisms for the above-mentioned features is presented below.

Saving the Energy:

If the rooms are lined with the Wallrock thermal wall covering, these are actually capable of reflecting warm air from walls back to the room environment. So the highest amount of heat is present to warm up your room consuming less amount of energy. The warm-up time is also reduced up to 65% as compared to same for the rooms with no such liners. If an automatic control of the heating system is utilized (ie using a thermostat), this will act as a booster for energy-saving.

Now let us see that what happens if there are no such covers on your room walls. Your heating system will initially heat the room walls themselves, and only after that, the room air can be warmed up. One might think about what magical property does these thermal liners possess? These actually give a thermal insulation between room air and wall so act as a cold reservoir for your heat energy. So the wall covering quickly warm up your room to a comfortable temperature. This energy-saving feature is also effective for the buildings equipped with ETICS (External Thermal Insulating Composite Systems).

To give you an idea, if a conventionally designed room takes about 100 minutes to warm up its air to 21 degree Celsius, the same warmth can be achieved in only 25 minutes by just adding these thermal wall coverings.

Mold Resistance:

You probably know that the room walls possess a lower temperature than the ambient room temperature, this welcomes the mold formation. This is the reason mold formation is more common for a rooms' outer walls as well as those near windows and doors. This affinity towards mold formation is due to condensation of warm room air over the colder walls. Such walls are actually pronounced to mold formation.

The Wallrock thermal wall covers provide the best solution to such problems. These permeable coverings offer an insulation between walls and room air, thus reducing condensation, moisture and mold formation.

Sound Proofing:

These thermal liners are capable of absorbing noise with a higher degree so rewarding you with an acoustically pleasant room environment. Even with an unpainted or uncoovered covering, the audible sound is absorbed to a factor of 0.02. This factor is equal to the performance of a velor carpet with 5 mm thickness for acoustic absorption.

Crack and Texture Coverage:

These liners are made up of flexible elastic fibers, and their thickness is capable of covering the class A and class B cracks in the wall surfaces. In addition to this, these are also capable of hiding the low to medium level textures on wall surfaces without any need of pre-levelling.

Now let's come to the specific point. If you need a high-quality thermal wall covering, we recommend you to choose the Wallrock KV600 thermal liner. It is actually an improved version of an existing thermal fiber liner backed with a novel thermal insulation material. The thickness is reduced to 25% of the conventional wall liners but benefits are almost doubled. You will not only get a quick warm up of your room but also this will save the heat energy to a greater extent thus reducing your utility bills.

In summary, the 3.2 mm thick KV600 is a highly durable wallrock thermal wall covering , which offers you mold and damp resistance, cracks coverage and sound proofing to a high extent as compared to conventional coverings.

Shopping for Cruises Online! How?

Are you planning a cruise vacation but do not know where to start? Have you shopped for a cruise vacation? How did you accomplish your shopping? Did you do your shopping for cruises online? Were you successful in getting the best cruise vacation for you?

I could continue with questions regarding cruise shopping and in particular on-line cruise shopping. But that would not accomplish much without some answers to some nagging questions:

1. Where do I start to find the right cruise vacation?

2. How can I find a cruise vacation itinerary that suits me, my family, my loved one?

3. What cruise line should I consider for my vacation cruise?

4. What stateroom category would best suit my vacation needs?

5. How can I compare cruise vacation deals?

More questions. Perhaps we can answer a few of these questions and help you plan the perfect cruise vacation and purchase the best cruise deal.

Planning a vacation can be an exciting part of the vacation experience as a whole. As you explore and research, the excitation buildings. You become more and more interested in finding information – without being overwhelmed – and can get great satisfaction that you will purchase the very best cruise vacation deal.

Where to Start Shopping for Cruises Online!

One can find information on cruise vacations in many locations – newspapers, friends, "brick and mortar" travel agencies and cruise travel agencies, and on-line. The best bet is to start researching for your self. Decide on where you would like your cruise vacation to travel – should it be a warm winter vacation, a fascinating and relaxing Alaskan cruise, an interesting European vacation cruise or an exciting adventure cruise. At a1-discount-cruises.com you can find merchant links, and more importantly at the start, articles about cruises, cruise itineraries, cruise lines, cruise ships, cruise wear and more to help you plan your special cruise vacation.

The Cruise Vacation Itinerary!

You have already decided on the destination of your vacation cruise. The internet allows you the quiet time needed with all resources necessary to research your cruise vacation destination. You will have no salesmen pushing a particular cruise on you because they get a special incentive to sell that cruise. You can investigate which cruise lines travel the chosen destination and find itineraries that intrigue you. A1-discount-cruises.com offers articles regarding many cruise destinations and itineraries.

What cruise line?

This question requires you to look at your lifestyle and what you would like and expect a cruise vacation to be. Different cruise lines offer different price points, different levels of luxury (although they all offer a certain amount of luxury), and different styles.

Generally speaking, the higher priced cruise lines offer a higher level of service, cuisine, and staff per cruise passenger. This does not mean that the "high end" cruise lines are right for everyone. We've all heard Carnival's advertising – "The Fun Ships". These ships and the "Free-Style Cruising" of Norwegian Cruise Lines tend to be more relaxed and less formal than say Radisson Seven Seas. It becomes a matter of preference at this point. Specific ships can also offer different levels of comfort, formality and service.

Which magnificent stateroom?

The question of what level of stateroom is a matter of taste, preference and of course cost. If you do not plan to spend much time in your room, sometimes an interior room would be suitable. These tend to be the best price point rooms as well. An "ocean view" room provides the passenger with a window from which to look at the day before getting ready for the day's events. Our personal preference is a stateroom with a private deck or veranda. We can sit early in the morning for a few minutes and enjoy each other's company taking in the fresh sea air. And later in the day, before getting ready for the fine dining aboard the cruise ships, we can again have our private time together sipping a glass of fine wine on our deck watching the islands drift by. Sometimes a suite is more suitable. On some cruise lines, the upper level of suites offers concierge or butler service. Whatever stateroom you choose, you will surely enjoy your cruise vacation in comfort.

How to compare Cruise Deals?

Now for the "biggie". How can I compare the cruise deals to get the absolute best value for me? If you have done your research well, it will likely be a simple task. "This cruise offers the itinerary on our preferred cruise line in the stateroom of choice at a price within our budget." However, you will want to compare deals with those exact specifications. At a1-discount cruises.com, we have a number of on-line cruise merchants who are waiting for you to send a request. Do not be afraid to offer your email address when requested. This will allow dialog without pressure so that you can ask questions or get clarifications in the privacy of your home or office. Check out two or three three – or more – of the merchants to see how their pricing is and what incentives if any they have to offer you. If you are still unsure about dealing with an on-line merchant, check out your specific cruise with a "brick and mortar" cruise travel merchant and compare the value.

After you have done this, you can book your cruise knowing that you are getting the best cruise vacation. You have planned for your needs, interests and lifestyle. You have compared pricing with a number of qualified cruise merchants. All that's left to do is book your cruise on-line and get excited!

Check out some of the other informative articles relating to cruise vacations at a1-discount cruises.com. You may just find the cruise vacation deal that's best suited to you!

Digital Scrapbooking – The Great Possibilities to Explore

Have you been asking yourself what great things you can make using digital scrapbooking? Well, it's a normal question, since we keep hearing lots of great things about the versatility of this method these days. And to tell you the truth, you can do everything using the technique. In other words, your digital scrapbook can be as variant, creative and unique as the paper version. And considering the kind of flexibility and ease you get with the digital version, it's much better to do your work digitally on your personal computer.

To give you a better idea of ​​how to get things done well using a digital scrapbooking software application, here are some handy tips. We hope you'll be able to make the most out of these suggestions.

You can craft stickers, creative text overlays, colorful ribbons, eye-catching shadows or even curled edges. Use these techniques to create a unique design.

You can easily cut out various types of shapes without taking measurements time and time again, when you wish to have multiple items in similar shape. Consider making use of dissimilar brushes when you are trying to make a wide array of effects on a digital scrapbooking project.

Also consider adding some pop out effects or outline texts along with vellum shadows. Using reflections makes great sense as well. You'll be able to add some attractive wrinkles onto the paper!

And here comes the "tip off the iceberg"! It's hard to mention all the things that can be done using digital scrapbooking software applications. In other words, sky is the limit when you want to beautify your layouts and make them unique. You can be your friends and family members have never seen something like this before. Just imagine the brilliance of these software solutions. You get to implement all those versatility decorations without even using a paper till your creation is done!